An African trade union guide to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process, for effective participation & implementation. For decades human beings used environmental resources and consequently impacted on the environment without much concern. However, as the magnitude of anthropogenic impacts outweighed the self – capacity of nature to remedy itself, impacts became more frequent, severe and visible. The alarm of our pending environmental catastrophes was first rung by Rachel Carson who in 1962 published a book titled ‘Silent Spring’. Though her book addressed specific environmental impacts of pesticides it also covered other deleterious impacts such as those related to human health. It also covered a chemical product that was widely used globally hence attracted global attention on environmental issues in a scale that was never seen before.